The Life and Works of
Dr. Jose P. Rizal

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The Life and Works of Dr. Jose P. Rizal - Poems written page
Poems written by Dr. Jose P. Rizal
Year Month Day Country City Title Significance Notes Detail
1876
December
3
Philippines

La conquista de Granada (Conquest of Granada or Triumphal entry of the Catholic kings in Granada)
Young Rizal's predilection for historical subjects for his poetic compositions is again manifest in this poem which bears the date, 3 December 1876. He was then in his senior year at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila.

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Philippines

A Fragment


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1879
November
22
Philippines

A La Juventud Filipina - Sa Kabataang Pilipino - Tagalog


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1879
November
22
Philippines

A La Juventud Filipina - Spanish


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1879
November
22
Philippines

A La Juventud Filipina - To the Philippine Youth - English


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1886
April
22
Philippines

A Las Flores De Heidelberg - Spanish


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1886
April
22


A los Flores de Heidelgberg - Sa mga Bulaklak ng Heidelberg - Tagalog


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1886
April
22


A los Flores de Heidelgberg - To the Flowers of Heidelberg - English


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A orillas del Pasig (By the banks of the Pasig river)
CONTENT NOT AVAILABLE - This lyric poem is inspired by the traditional routes to Antipolo followed by the pilgrims in Rizal's time, which was via the Pasig river. All the town of Antipolo is a church where the Virgin of Peace and good Voyage is venerated until today (1961).

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Philippines

A Poem That Has No Title - (To my Creator)
This short poem of Rizal has no title. It bespeaks his spirituality and love of country. Its tenderness is most moving.

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1879
December
8


ABD-EL-AZIS AND MOHAMMED (Abd-El-Aziz y Mahoma
Another historical subject inspires Rizal to compose the following epic poem. It recalls the struggle between the Spaniards and the Moors in Spain.

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1875
November
14
Philippines

Al Niño Jesús - (To the Child Jesus)


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1875
November
14
Philippines

Al Niño Jesús - (To the Child Jesus) - English


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1875
November
14
Philippines

Al Niño Jesús - (To the Child Jesus) - Sa Sanggol na si Jesus - Tagalog


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1876
April
1
Philippines

Alianza Íntima Entre La Religión Y La Educación
The Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Education

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1876
December
3
Philippines

CAPTIVITY AND TRIUMPH (El Cautivo y el triunfo)
Before Rizal was twelve years old he had read El ultimo Abencerraje, a Spanish trans¬lation of Chateaubriand's. novel, Le Dernier des Abencérages. This is the story of the last member of a famous family in the • Muslim Kingdom of Granada in the XV century inspired him to compose the fol¬lowing poem when he was a student at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila. It bears the date 3 December 1876.

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CERVANTES AT ARGAMASILLA DE ALBA
Rizal's rich poetic imagination is apparent in this tribute to Cervantes, languishing in his prison at Argamasilla de Alba. For his great book, Don Quijote de la Mancha his name is forever recorded in the annals of history, Rizal sings

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1877


Philippines

COLUMBUS AND JOHN II (Colon y Juan II)
An epic poem by Rizal celebrating the loyal¬ty of Columbus to Isabella the Catholic of Spain.

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Duo de la Africana
Work copied by Rizal from another source. This is a song taken from a zarzuela of the same title, not written by Rizal. The manuscript was found in the collection of D. Eugenio Loez. - Poesias

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1877
December
8


El Heroismo
CONTENT NOT AVAILABLE

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1875
December
5


ELCANO WAS A SPANIARD, THE FIRST TO CIRCUMNAVIGATE THE EARTH
When Rizal was a student at the. Ateneo Municipal de Manila, he showed a predilec¬tion for historical subjects for his poetic compositions. The following was one of them, bearing the date, 5 December 1875.

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1875




Felictación - Felicitation - English


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1875


Philippines

Felictación - Spanish


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Philippines

Flower Among Flowers

dateless. Poesias, NHI - L. Spittael
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Philippines

Goodbye to Leonor

Date? This octave was supposed to have been penned by Rizal before his departure for Europe in 1882. Leonor Rivera was the name of the girl to whom he was engaged to be married. For various reasons this cannot be considered as a work of Rizal. - L. Spittael
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1877




Gran consuelo en la mayor Desdicha (Great Solace in the greatest misfortune
CONTENT NOT AVAILABLE

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Philippines

Hymn To Labor - English

1887/1888. Poesias, NHI - L. Spittael
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Hymn To Labor - Tagalog

1887/1888. Poesias, NHI - L. Spittael
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1895
October
13
Philippines
Dapitan
Hymn to Talisay
"Hymn to Talisay." Rizal conducted his school at his home in Talisay, near Dapitan, where he had his farm and hospital. His favorite rendezvous with his boys was under a talisay tree, after which the place was named. In honor of Talisay, he wrote a poem entitled "Himno A Talisay" for his pupils to sing.

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Intimate Allianxce between Religion and Education


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1880
December
8


Junto al Pasig - Along the Pasig - English
Note: This English translation is taken from The Young Rizal (Manila: Bardavon Book Company, © 1949 and 1950). The translation into English is by Leon Ma. Guerrero.

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1880
December
8


Junto al Pasig (Along the Pasig) - Spanish


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Philippines

Kundiman (Song) English version

Dateless. Poesias, NHI - L. Spittael Date? The Rizalist scholar, Jaime C. de Veyra, who compiled Rizal's poems believes that no one else could be the author but Rizal, judging by its patriotic fervor and style. Others attribute this poem to Pedro A. Paterno, a contemporary of Rizal. - L. Spittael
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Kundiman (Song) Tagalog version


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1876
December
3


La conquista de Granada (Conquest of Granada)
CONTENT NOT AVAILABLE

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1882
October

Spain

Me Piden Verson - They Ask Me for Verses! - English


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1882
October

Spain

Me Piden Versos - Pinatutula Ako - Tagalog


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1882
October

Philippines

Me Piden Versos - Spanish


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Me Primera Inspiracion - My First Inspiration - English


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Philippines

MI PRIMERA INSPIRACIÓN - Spanish
Note: This poem was written by José Rizal at age nine (!) or by his nephew, Antonio Lopez-Rizal (Narcisa's son) whose handwriting was similar to his uncle's. - L. Spittael
"Date? Poesias, NHI, Dr. Leoncio Lopez Rizal, a nephew of Rizal, claims that its author was not Rizal but his brother Antonio. Others think that it was Rizal's first poem dedicated to his mother on the occasion of her birthday in 1874. It was included in Vi" - L. Spittael
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1895
October

Philippines

Mi Retiro - My Retreat - English
In February 1895, Doña Teodora, with her eyesight fully restored, returned to Manila. During her long stay in Dapitan, she saw how busy her talented son was and regretted that he had neglected the Muses. She requested him to write poetry again. In response to her request, Rizal wrote a beautiful poem about his serene life as an exile in Dapitan and sent it to her on October 22,1895. This poem was "Mi Retiro" (My Retreat), which is acclaimed by literary critics as one of the best ever penned by Rizal.

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1895
October



Mi Retiro - My Retreat - Spanish


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Philippines

MY CHILDHOOD IMPRESSIONS

This comes from a rough draft which was written for practice. It was published as Mi Primer Recuerdo, in El Renacimiento Manila, February 9, 1908. - L. Spittael
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1876
April
1
Philippines

Por La Educación ( Recibe Lustre La Patria ) - English - Education Gives Luster to The Motherland - English

Same as "Por La Educación ( Recibe Lustre La Patria )
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1876
April
1
Philippines

Por La Educación ( Recibe Lustre La Patria ) - Spanish
Education Gives Luster to The Motherland

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1869


Philippines

SA AKING MGA KABATA - Our MotherTongue English - by Laubach
A poem originally in Tagalog written by Rizal when he was only eight years old

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1869




SA AKING MGA KABATA -To My Fellow Children - Tagalog


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1876
June
2


Saint Eustache, Martyr
Act 5 - Saint Eustache, Martyr

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1876
June
2


Saint Eustache, Martyr
Act 1 - Saint Eustache, Martyr

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1876
June
2


Saint Eustache, Martyr
Act 4 - Saint Eustache, Martyr

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1876
June
2


Saint Eustache, Martyr
Act 3 - Saint Eustache, Martyr

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1876
June
2


Saint Eustache, Martyr
Act 2 - Saint Eustache, Martyr

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1895




Saludo al ano nueva
CONTENT NOT AVAILABLE
unfinished poem with 4 lines
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1895


Philippines

Song of the Wanderer - Awit Ng Manlalakbay - Tagalog
While in exile in Dapitan, Rizal had offered his services as military doctor in Cuba, which was then in the throes of a revolution and a raging yellow fever epidemic. There was a shortage of physicians to minister to the needs of the Spanish troops and Cuban people. It was Blumentritt who told him of the deplorable health situation in war-ridden Cuba and advised him to volunteer as army physician there. Acting in response to Blumentritts advice, Rizal wrote to governor General Ramon Blanco, Despojul’s successor, on December 17, 1895, offering his services as military doctor in Cuba. Months passed and he received no reply. He gave up hope that his humanitarian offer would ever receive government approval. When he least expected it, a letter from Governor Blanco dated July 1, 1896 arrived in Dapitan, notifying him of the acceptance of his offer. This letter, which reached him on July 30th, also stated that the politico-military commander of Dapitan would give him a pass so that he could come to Manila, where he would be given a safe-conduct to Spain, “and there the Minister of War will assign you to the Army of Operations in Cuba, detailed to the Medical Crops”. Great was Rizal’s joy in receiving the gladsome news. At least, he was free! Once more, he was going to travel- to Europe and then to Cuba. It was with this joyous thought of resuming his travels that he wrote his heart-warming poem. “El Canto del Viajero” (The Song of the Traveler).
1894-1895
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1895


Philippines

Song of the Wanderer - Canto del Viajero - Spanish
While in exile in Dapitan, Rizal had offered his services as military doctor in Cuba, which was then in the throes of a revolution and a raging yellow fever epidemic. There was a shortage of physicians to minister to the needs of the Spanish troops and Cuban people. It was Blumentritt who told him of the deplorable health situation in war-ridden Cuba and advised him to volunteer as army physician there. Acting in response to Blumentritts advice, Rizal wrote to governor General Ramon Blanco, Despojul’s successor, on December 17, 1895, offering his services as military doctor in Cuba. Months passed and he received no reply. He gave up hope that his humanitarian offer would ever receive government approval. When he least expected it, a letter from Governor Blanco dated July 1, 1896 arrived in Dapitan, notifying him of the acceptance of his offer. This letter, which reached him on July 30th, also stated that the politico-military commander of Dapitan would give him a pass so that he could come to Manila, where he would be given a safe-conduct to Spain, “and there the Minister of War will assign you to the Army of Operations in Cuba, detailed to the Medical Crops”. Great was Rizal’s joy in receiving the gladsome news. At least, he was free! Once more, he was going to travel- to Europe and then to Cuba. It was with this joyous thought of resuming his travels that he wrote his heart-warming poem. “El Canto del Viajero” (The Song of the Traveler).
1894-1895
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1895


Philippines
Dapitan
Song of the Wanderer - English
While in exile in Dapitan, Rizal had offered his services as military doctor in Cuba, which was then in the throes of a revolution and a raging yellow fever epidemic. There was a shortage of physicians to minister to the needs of the Spanish troops and Cuban people. It was Blumentritt who told him of the deplorable health situation in war-ridden Cuba and advised him to volunteer as army physician there. Acting in response to Blumentritts advice, Rizal wrote to governor General Ramon Blanco, Despojul’s successor, on December 17, 1895, offering his services as military doctor in Cuba. Months passed and he received no reply. He gave up hope that his humanitarian offer would ever receive government approval. When he least expected it, a letter from Governor Blanco dated July 1, 1896 arrived in Dapitan, notifying him of the acceptance of his offer. This letter, which reached him on July 30th, also stated that the politico-military commander of Dapitan would give him a pass so that he could come to Manila, where he would be given a safe-conduct to Spain, “and there the Minister of War will assign you to the Army of Operations in Cuba, detailed to the Medical Crops”. Great was Rizal’s joy in receiving the gladsome news. At least, he was free! Once more, he was going to travel- to Europe and then to Cuba. It was with this joyous thought of resuming his travels that he wrote his heart-warming poem. “El Canto del Viajero” (The Song of the Traveler).
1894-1895
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1875
December
5
Philippines

THE BATTLE URBIZTONDO, TERROR OF JOLO (El Combate: Urbiztondo, Terror de Jolo)
This is another poem composed by the na¬tional hero when he was a student at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila. At such an early age he already showed his keen in¬terest in history to whose study he was to devote in later years a great deal of his talent and time.

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1875
December
5
Philippines

THE EMBARKATION (El Embarque (Himno a la flota de Magallanes))
This poem was written by Rizal when he was a boarding student at the Ateneo Mun¬icipal de Manila. It is believed to have been his first poem that had the honor of being read in a public programme held at that school, a recognition of its literary merit.

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1896
December
30
Philippines
Fort Santiago
The last Farewell - Ang Huling Paalam
A poem written by Dr. Jose P. Rizal sometime between midnight of December 29 and daybreak of December 30, 1896. Considering the circumstance that we find him in, it is an amzingly brilliant work and so moving. It is said that before he was shot, in Bagumbayan on the morning of his martyrdom, a doctor took his pulse and found it absolutely normal. What courage!!!! Should be 29 December - L. Spittael

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1896
December
30
Philippines
Fort Santiago
The Last Farewell - English
A poem written by Dr. Jose P. Rizal sometime between midnight of December 29 and daybreak of December 30, 1896 Considering the circumstance that we find him in, it is an amzingly brilliant work and so moving. It is said that while walking between guards on the way to Bagumbayan on the morning of his martyrdom, a doctor took his pulse and found it absolutely normal. What courage!!!! Should be 29 December - L. Spittael

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1896
December
30
Philippines
Fort Santiago
The Last Farewell - Letztes Lebewohl Version by Wilhelm Muster
Das ist die deutsche Version des Gedichts "The last farewell" A poem written by Dr. Jose P. Rizal sometime between midnight of December 29 and daybreak of December 30, 1896 Considering the circumstance that we find him in, it is an amzingly brilliant work and so moving. It is said that while walking between guards on the way to Bagumbayan on the morning of his martyrdom, a doctor took his pulse and found it absolutely normal. What courage!!!! Should be 29 December - L. Spittael

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1896
December
30
Philippines
Fort Santiago
The Last Farewell - Letztes Lebewohl Version alemana de Pablo Laslo
Das ist die deutsche Version des Gedichts "The last farewell" A poem written by Dr. Jose P. Rizal sometime between midnight of December 29 and daybreak of December 30, 1896 Considering the circumstance that we find him in, it is an amzingly brilliant work and so moving. It is said that while walking between guards on the way to Bagumbayan on the morning of his martyrdom, a doctor took his pulse and found it absolutely normal. What courage!!!! Should be 29 December - L. Spittael

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1896
December
30
Philippines
Bagumbayan
The Last Farewell - Ultimo Adios - Spanish
A poem written by Dr. Jose P. Rizal sometime between midnight of December 29 and daybreak of December 30, 1896 Considering the circumstance that we find him in, it is an amzingly brilliant work and so moving. It is said that while walking between guards on the way to Bagumbayan on the morning of his martyrdom, a doctor took his pulse and found it absolutely normal. What courage!!!! Should be 29 December - L. Spittael

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1887




The Song of Maria Clara - Ang Awit ni Maria Clara - Tagalog


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1887




The Song of Maria Clara - Canto de María Clara - Spanish


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1887


Philippines

The Song of Maria Clara - English


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1892
August
26
Philippines

TO DON RICARDO CARNICERO
Rizal wrote this poem to greet his guardian the Spaniard Ricardo Carnicero on his birth¬day (26 August) , when he was. an exile at Dapitan.

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1895


Philippines
Dapitan
To Josephine
Rizal dedicated this poem to Josephine Bracken, an Irish woman who went to Dapitan accompanying a man seeking Rizal's services as an ophthalmologist. - L. Spitael

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1883
August
22
Philippines

To Miss C.O. y R.


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1890
December
15
Philippines

To My --

1890. 15 Dec1890 in La Solidaridad. .
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1869


Philippines

To My Fellow Children - English

1869, At the age of 8, Rizal Poems,NHI - L. Spittael
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1880
February

Philippines

To The Philippines


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1881
January
25
Philippines

TO THE VERY REVEREND FATHER PABLO RAMON, S.J.
An abiding affection bound Rizal to some of his professors at the Ateneo Municipal. One of them was Father Pablo Ramon whom he greeted on his birthday with the follow¬ing poem

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1880




To the Virgen Mary - English


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1880




To the Virgen Mary - Sa Mahal na Birhen Maria - Tagalog


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1876
April-May

Philippines

Un Recuerdo a mi Pueblo - A Tribute to My Town - English


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1876
April-May

Philippines
Calamba
Un Recuerdo A Mi Pueblo - A Tribute to My Town - Spanish

April - May 1876.Poesias, NHI - L. Spittael
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1891


Philippines

Water and Fire

1891? Poesias, NHI - L. Spittael
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